Diabetes is mainly caused by an imbalance between blood sugar and the hormone insulin, which makes able to use it in cells. As a result of the disease, sugar cannot be used properly in the cells, and blood sugar begins to circulate freely. After some time, it damages everywhere the veins go and the veins themselves with the circulatory network in the body. The disease can be fatal in the long run, as it destroys veins and organs. Diabetes disease is an insidious disease and is usually noticed once it has settled in the body. If one or more of the following symptoms are noticed, patient should consult with doctor.
What Are The Symptoms of Diabetes and How Do They Appear?
- Urine Frequency: When insulin is not secreted adequately, or when blood cells are resistant to insulin and blood sugar cannot be used in cells. Since it is not normal for excess sugar to flow freely in the veins in this way, the kidneys will work faster to clear the sugar in the blood. Therefore, symptoms such as urinary frequency and urinary incontinence occur quite frequently in patients with diabetes.
- Excessive thirst: When insulin hormones do not work, activities to remove blood sugar require water. The body must constantly renew itself, and this creates a serious loss of fluid. It is normal to see excessive thirst, especially after urination.
- Sudden Weight Loss: Diabetes is a disease that can develop due to excess weight. When urine is constantly removed, weight loss may occur in proportion with this. However, it is worth noting that this is not a healthy weight loss. When the blood sugar level rises uncontrollably, the fat accumulated in the body will become impossible to burn. In this case, weight loss occurs with muscle breakdown. In diabetics, it is often observed that the fat in the belly area does not melt and the muscles weaken and accordingly, weight is lost.
- Intense Feeling of Hunger: Muscle destruction, urinary frequency and the release of ketone lead to a feeling of hunger. The body will want to compensate after sudden weight and energy losses. Sugar makes the energy need up, but this cannot happen unless sugar cannot enter to cells. Therefore, this causes the metabolism to feel a constant need for food. In this case, it is quite normal to see the feeling of hunger. Sudden hunger crises and an uncontrollable desire for dessert can be seen in diabetic patients. Since the body is constantly losing energy, satiety may not be felt even after eating much.
- Blurred Vision: As mentioned, when the glucose level rises, water loss occurs in the body. The eyepiece is one of the regions where water loss occurs. Therefore, blurred vision is among the most common symptoms of diabetes. In people with this disease, it may be difficult to focus on the objects being looked at. Even in the later stages of the disease, there may be temporary or permanent visual loss.
- Infection Tendency: After diabetes, infections can be seen in various parts of the body and existing infections can grow more. The biggest reason for this is that the skin cannot renew itself. Infection is common in diabetes patients, as the wounds are difficult to heal. In particular, the treatment of kidney inflammation becomes more difficult with diabetes.
- Skin Problems: Increased infection in the diabetes, water consuming in cells and difficulties in the body renewing, can cause skin diseases. Itching may occur due to fungal infection in the skin. In addition, the wounds opened on the skin become difficult to close. Dry skin is also frequently seen due to diabetes. In this process, even a small wound on the skin can become difficult to solve due to the risk of infection. Skin problems caused by diabetes are seen especially on the feet.
- Menstrual Problems: Diabetes can cause menstrual delay in women. Type 2 diabetes in particular can cause menstrual irregularities due to insulin resistance. In this process, menstrual delay or frequency can be seen.
- Fatigue and Weakness: When insulin hormones are not secreted properly, the body will make a serious effort to remove sugar in the blood. In this case, it is normal to see fatigue and weakness. Fatigue is considered among the primary symptoms of diabetes, as the body constantly consumes water in cells and is in an intense activity. These fatigues may occasionally result in unconsciousness.
- Depression: Depression is a psychiatric disorder, but it depends on the hormonal balance of the body. A state of constant and unfounded depression may be a symptom of diabetes.
- Stress: When the hormonal balance of the body is changed, stress can become inevitable. Sudden temper tantrums are among the most obvious symptoms of diabetes. If symptoms such as dizziness, nausea are followed, there is a high risk of diabetes.
What to Do When the Symptoms of Diabetes Are seen?
Having one or more of the above symptoms may not always be a sign of diabetes. These symptoms can be seen routinely or as a symptom of other diseases. However, in this kind of cases should not be taken any risks. If the symptoms are intense and frequent, a doctor should be consulted. How much earlier the diabetes is diagnosed, that much easier the treatment will be.
What Is Hidden Diabetes and What Are Its Symptoms?
Diabetes may not manifest itself in some cases with obvious symptoms. The first stage of diabetes is defined by many doctors as hidden diabetes. At this stage, the above symptoms are not evident. However, taking precautions by defining the disease at this stage will facilitate the treatment and even prevent the development of diabetes and spread to the body. The following items are considered symptoms of hidden diabetes.
- Excessive Weight Gain or Loss: If there is no change in diet and exercise, excess weight gain or loss occurs, this may be a symptom of hidden forms.
- Continuous Dessert Eating: Foods defined as dessert have a high risk of addiction. However, sudden and uncontrollable sweet crises are considered as a sign of diabetes.
- Continuous Sweating: If the sweats seen in the head region increase independently of the temperature, the suspicion of hidden sugar is high. Night sweats are also common in people in the first stage of diabetes.
- Psychological Imbalance: Changes in hormone release may cause mental imbalance. Sudden anger attacks, crying crises, overly optimistic and pessimistic reactions can be considered as a sign of diabetes.
- Sleep disorder: Fatigue and sleep disturbance are normal since the body will be in continuous activity in the first phase of diabetes. If after enough sleep, there is difficulty in waking up, the risk of diabetes is high.