Type 2 Diabetes
What is Type 2 Diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease caused by sedentary life, unbalanced behavior in nutrition and genetic factors. Diabetes is divided into Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes. The two factors that are important in the development of type 2 diabetes are the resistance of the effect of insulin secretion in the body. It’s usually seen in overweight people. Genetic, obesity and physical life are among the factors in the formation of type 2 diabetes. Insulin resistance and insulin secretion reduction is the case in the triggering of this disease. At risk of developing type 2 diabetes is due to a history of diabetes in the family. In addition, obesity is at risk for those over 45 years of age, who have hypertension disease and have thyroid problems.
What are the Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes?
A large amount of urination, drinking a lot of water, eating a lot or having anorexia, dry mouth, weakness, fatigues, urination at night, blurry visions, itching are among the symptoms.
Type 1 diabetes does not have insulin production, type2 diabetes has insulin production, but for some reason, it cannot use insulin. That’s why blood sugars are always high. In the individual experiencing high blood sugar, damage occurs first in the veins and then the organs. Type 2 diabetes is usually fat people. Accordingly, obesity is the first cause of diabetes. An individual who has this problem genetically should pay particular attention to the issue of weight because the formation of Type 2 diabetes is likely. Type2 diabetes is a slow and insidious disease. For many years without showing any symptoms, blood sugar goes high and causes a life in a person. This will also provide a delay in diagnosing.
How to Diagnose Type 2 Diabetes?
If blood sugar is over 200 mg, glucose loading is over 200 mg, if fasting sugar is over 120 mg, it is diagnosed.
If diabetes is treated with early diagnosis without any organ damage, the patient with diabetes is actually the healthiest person. Because the difficulties he experienced with the beginning treatment will decrease one way and his life will start to be of good quality. In a newly emerging diabetes, it would be wrong to pronounce organ damage yet. However, if it is diagnosed late or the existing high blood sugar level is not ignored by the patient, organ damage should be discussed. He suffers from head injuries, eyes, kidneys and cardiovascular diseases. Kidney tests, ECG, exertion tests, eyebed examination are checked.
What is the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes?
The priority in treatment is the diet suitable for diabetes. The patient is necessarily subjected to a physical exercise program. Insulin secretion is increased with diabetes-appropriate pills. Thus, insulin effect is assumed and absorption is regulated.
In cases where treatment is not treated in type 2 diabetes and in cases where the treatment is not applied, a coma may occur in the patient. Vital organs begin to be affected. The eye, kidney and cardiovascular system are triggered. Bleeding occurs in the eye or even blindness. With the onset of problems in kidney function, the obligation to dialysis arises. Persistent high blood sugar leads to the risk of blockage and heart attacks in the veins. It goes all the way to brain hemorrhage, paralysis, gangrene, even leg cuts. In order to prevent type2 diabetes, lifestyle changes must be made, excess weight should be avoided, physical exercises should be performed and the given pill or insulin treatment should be carefully observed.
Type 2 Diabetes and Type 1 Diabetes Difference
Type 1 diabetes does not have insulin production, type 2 diabetes exists but can not produce. Insulin treatment in type 1 diabetes is initiated from the very beginning of the disease, insulin resistance in Type 2 diabetes is tried to be regulated with pills. Patients with type 2 diabetes are usually middle age and overweight. In type 1 diabetes, it doesn’t matter if the baby, the child, the young, the elderly.
In the treatment of type 2 diabetes, there must be a condition of being suitable for treatment given. The doctor’s lifestyle changes, diet, exercise advice should be done regularly.