Diabetes is the term in the medical literature, known as blood sugar disease among people, for the fact that the amount of sugar in the blood is more than it should be. Diabetes types are divided into two as diabetes Type 1 and diabetes Type 2.
What is Type 1 Diabetes?
The beginning of diabetes, called Type 1 Diabetes, dates back to youth or childhood. It occurs because the bacteria those are located on the pancreas and produces the insulin substance that the body needs to keep the blood sugar in balance, cannot fulfill its duties. Such patients have to get their insulin needs from the outside through needles, which greatly reduce life quality.
What is Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes, which is much more common in society than Type 1 diabetes, is caused by bad nutrition, gaining weight, a sedentary life and excessive insulin secretion of the pancreas. The diet change, pills are used in the treatment of this disease, but it is often difficult to reach the exact solution. Individuals with Type 2 diabetes may become in need of an insulin needle with their advanced age. Metabolic surgery appears as the most definitive solution of the disease.
Differences Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
Treatments of the two types of diabetes that are clinically very different in terms of origin, as well as in the early stages, are vital. Diabetes Type 1 is caused by insulin not being secreted due to the dysfunction of the bacteria on the pancreas, which balances your blood sugar, allows the sugar in the blood to enter the cell and use it as energy. Insulin value of patients with Type 1 diabetes is zero and death is inevitable if they do not take it externally by needle. Type 1 diabetes often occurs in relation to problems with the immune system. Psychology or the use of some medicines can cause this disease.
Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, can occur at old ages due to bad nutrition, increased body fat or use of medicines. There is no need for an insulin needle in the early stages of Type 2 diabetes. It prevents the entry of sugar into the cell with the help of insulin due to some hormones in adipose tissue. Since the body has to produce more insulin, the amount of fat increases even more and a triggering cycle begins. The increased insulin occurs, edema in the body of the person at the same time, blood pressure problems, vascular stiffness and obstruction, the intact pancreas cells will deteriorate in the future and the necessity to take insulin from the outside will appear.