Diabetes patients have also been categorized within themselves. The most common type of diabetes among these categories is patients with Type 2 diabetes. These patients generally consist of people aged 40 and over. In addition, another common feature of these patients is overweight.
Type 2 diabetes is usually diagnosed very late. People do not notice this much until the beta cell reserve drops to -20. However, along with the advancing age factor, symptoms such as high fever, unexpected and rapid weight gain, pregnancy, or various surgeries.
What Are The Symptoms Of Diabetes Type 2?
Type 2 diabetes is more difficult to diagnose than Type 1. However, there are some symptoms that suggest an idea in terms of early diagnosis in Type 2 diabetes. The most noticeable of them is polyuria, the need for frequent urine. Polydipsia is need for frequent urine, naturally is called by excessive water consumption and eating too much. These needs return to the patient after a while as weight gain or weight loss. In addition to these symptoms, it goes away with an increase in glucose in the blood.
There is an intense dry mouth in Type 2 diabetics, despite frequent water consumption. In addition to these symptoms, different conditions are observed on the skin surface. Dryings and cracks on the skin surface are the most common. These dryings accompany itching after a while and deformations occurring on the skin. Type 2 concerns a particular segment more as a diabetes risk group. It has been observed more often in mothers who gave birth to child over than 4.5 kg, who have always had stress on their lives, those who have had long-term nutritional disorder, those who do not include exercise in their life, and those who have family members diagnosed with diabetes in their genetic history.
What Are The Principles Of Type 2 Diabetes Treatment?
The most important thing that diabetes patients should do during treatment is to determine for sure. In this context, the first step is the regulation of nutrition habits. And to make this happen, lifestyle has to be changed a little bit. Exercise programs should definitely be included in the new lifestyle. If blood sugar level cannot be kept within the normal limits with this new lifestyle plan, medications should be started as supplements. These meditations are usually oral tablets. However, these tablets do not show the expected effect for some patients. In this case, insulin therapy can be started. In insulin treatment, injection procedures are carried out at doses approved by the doctor.
Why Blood Sugar Level Is Important?
All the necessary hormones in our body are produced by the pancreatic gland. And one of them is the hormone Insulin. The main task of this hormone is to carry the blood sugar into the cells. Cells provide the daily energy we need with these carried sugars. Type 2 diabetes problem occurs when insulin is not secreted in the body. The cells decrease in their sensitivity to the hormone insulin. At this stage, Type 2 diabetes is encountered. For these reasons, an insulin resistance occurs in the body. Due to this resistance, insulin hormone is unable to function. In simple terms, there is a sugar inflow into the body, the sugar is processed and passes into the blood, but the problem arises because insulin cannot perform its role during the transition from blood to cells and converting it into energy. Therefore, sugar which has entered into the body remains in the blood. This raises the blood sugar level above the required range, which destroys the cells in the body. In short, we can say that the sugar in the blood is equal to poison.
Metabolic Surgery in Diabetes Type 2 Treatment
Insulin resistance, which occurs in patients with type 2 diabetes, has pre-cell components as well as intracellular components. At this stage, resistance hormones, especially from the digestive system, surround the cells tightly and prevent the insulin from entering the cell. As a result of metabolic surgery applications, the problems that occur at this point are solved, resistance hormones are opened and insulin enters the cell quite easily. After this process, blood glucose level rapidly improves cholesterol and triglyceride levels. In addition, high blood pressure, overweight and fatty liver, as well as damage to the eyes and kidneys and foot wounds problems will be solved.
Who is a candidate for Metabolic Surgery?
Various treatment methods are applied to patients before metabolic surgery. However, metabolic surgery procedures are suitable for patients who have problems in controlling blood sugar despite this treatment. Patients who have experienced the diabetes problem for a certain period of time may experience various damages in organs such as chest, heart, kidney, liver and feet. Metabolic surgery procedures also should be tried for patients who started to experience this organ damage. Also, this operation has showed successful results for people who struggling with obesity along with diabetes problem.